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Seen by Normal Person
 
Seen by person with Retinal
Pigmentosa
 
 
 
 
 
 
A classic sign of retinoblastoma is when
a child's pupil reflects white,

Sometimes seen in photos taken using
the flash 
 
Leukocoria in a child with
retinoblastoma
 
 
  Retina Management
 
  Retinal Pigmentosa
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited, degenerative eye disease that causes severe vision impairment and often blindness. RP is caused by abnormalities of the photoreceptors (rods and cones) or the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) of the retina leading to progressive sight loss.
Signs and Symptoms
RP is characterized by the progressive loss of photoreceptor cells and may eventually lead to blindness. People may experience one or more of the following symptoms
Night blindness or nyctalopia;  
Tunnel vision (no peripheral vision)  
Shadow in front of eye,
Latticework vision
Aversion to glare
Slow adjustment from dark to light environments and vice vers
Blurring of vision
Poor color separatio
Extreme tirednes
     
Diagnosis
Fundus Examination Electroretinography
Visual Field testin    
Treatment
No effective treatment Wearing sunglasses to protect retina from UV
High doses of Vit-A Palmitate   rays may help preserve vision
 
  Retinoblastoma
Retinoblastoma (Rb) is a rapidly developing cancer that develops from the immature cells of a retina, the light-detecting tissue of the eye and is the most common malignant tumor of the eye in children before 3 years of age.
Signs and Symptoms
leukocoria  an abnormal appearance of the pupil also known as amaurotic cat's eye reflex
deterioration of vision
a red and irritated eye with glaucoma, and
faltering growth or delayed developmen
cross-eyed or wall-eye
 
Diagnosis
Red reflex
Corneal light reflex / Hirschberg test
Eye examination by Ophthalmologist    
 
Treatment
External beam radiotherapy (EBR)
Brachytherapy
Thermotherapy
Laser photocoagulation
Cryotherapy
Systemic Chemotherapy
Intra-arterial chemotherapy
Nano-particulate chemotherapy
Enucleation of the eye    
 
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